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The National Broadband Network (nbn)

The National Broadband Network (nbn) is currently being rolled out throughout Australia. The nbn aims to provide high-speed broadband and telephone services to all Australians. As the countries need for broadband services grow, the old copper wire network will struggle with the increased demand. As such, the copper network will be phased out and replaced with the nbn. The nbn rollout will utilise technologies like fibre-optic cable, fixed wireless and satellite.

The nbn plans are broken into different tiers. Currently, the most common plans broadband providers offer are the nbn 12,  nbn 25, nbn 50 and nbn 100 (although they may call them something different). The tiers represent different broadband download and upload speeds. So, there are many options to consider when choosing an nbn plan. 

It can be overwhelming trying to figure out which nbn tier you need.  We can help take the complexity out of the nbn and guide you on which nbn phone & broadband plan is right for you.  Give us a call us on 1300 321 160


Broadband providers offer many different nbn options like bundled phone & internet, month to month broadband contracts and different nbn upload and download speeds. Below are some of the most popular nbn broadband plans. 

What's the difference between the NBN technologies?

Depending on what stage of the NBN rollout your area is in or your location different kinds of technology may be used to connect you to the national broadband network. Below is a short explanation of each of the nbn technologies. If you are not sure which technology is available to you, give us a call on 1300 321 160 and we can help you find out.

Fibre to the Premises (FTTP)

Fibre to the Premises (FTTP) is a fibre optic cable connects directly to your premises via a connection box, which is connected to the NBN. 

Fibre to the Node (FTTN)

Fibre to the node is a type of connection where fibre nodes are connected to a cabinet using existing copper lines rather than running them to individual premises directly.

Fibre to the Building (FTTB)

Fiber to the building (FTTB) fibre-optic cable that connects directly to the building. Typically office blocks, apartments or similar buildings. The fibre broadband connection is normally shared by the occupants. 

Hybrid Fibre Coaxial (hfc)

HFC is optical fibre that covers long distances and requires minimal amplification and signal regeneration. It connects the NBN network directly to a device in your property. 

Fibre to the Curb (FTTC)

Fibre to the curb (FTTC) users the distribution point unit (DPU) that literally sits on the street side curb. From here, copper wire is used to connect your property to the NBN.  Copper wire is a relatively short distance from the DPU. 

Fixed-Wireless

nbn fixed wireless is normally used when there are big distances between premises. It requires a rooftop antenna and travel distance of 14km to a 4g transmission tower. 

Sky Muster Satellite

Sky Muster is the NBN satellite service providing broadband internet to remote and regional Australia. It covers mainland Australia & Tasmania. 

Telstra

Compare Telstra NBN Broadband Plans

Telstra makes moving to the nbn easier with different nbn access options. Telstra can offer modems/gateways that can switch across to the mobile broadband network if you have issues with your nbn connection. You can also bundle with entertainment options, like Telstra TV and Foxtel from Telstra. 

Telstra also offers 24/7 support services so you can resolve issues fast. 

Give us a call on 1300 321 160 to find out more about Telstra nbn plans

Telstra

Compare Optus NBN Plans

Optus offers a range of optus NBN plans that are made for how you use the internet. With a range of modem and entertainment options such as Fetch Tv, and Optus Sports.  Fetch TV offers streaming from the likes of Stan and Netflicks, PVR functions and additional channels from a low monthly price. 

All this backed by 24/7 Optus tech support and 300+ retails stores nationwide. Call us to chat about Optus nbn options to find an offer that suits you. 

Telstra

Which iiNet NBN Broadband Plan?

iiNet prides themselves on service and is one of the leading nbn providers. iiNet also offers no lock-in nbn contracts, as well as wifi and hi-performance modem options. iiNet has entertainment options such as Fetch TV allowing you for streaming of online service (Netflix, Stan, Youtube) and access to movies on demand. 

Other standouts of iiNet's nbn plans are no excess data charges and 24/7 customer support. 

Telstra

Belong NBN Broadband

Belong offer Generous data allowances, simple plans with no surprises. Month to month contract options, no peak or off-peak limits and all the tools and resources you need to manage your nbn broadband plan online. With Unlimited data options Belong nbn plans might be the plan for you if you find yourself hitting data limits on a regular basis.

Telstra

Compare Internode NBN Broadband Plans

Like others, internode offers entertainment options for a small monthly fee, which allows access to popular streaming services and fetch tv.  They also have no lock-in contract plans. 

Depending on your region and the nbn rollout, Internode uses NBN FTTP (fibre to the premises), FTTB (Fibre to the building), and FTTN (fibre to the node), NBN HFC (Hybrid Fibre-Coaxial) or NBN Fixed-Wireless technologies. You can give us a call on 1300 321 160 to see which nbn plan may suit your needs. 

Telstra

Compare NBN Broadband Plans from Teleron

Teleron is focused on delivering the NBN to Australian communities. They pride themselves on helping local communities as well. They make it easy to switch to them and have a range of nbn offers from casual usage plans right through to unlimited broadband plans. 

Telstra

Compare Foxtel NBN Broadband Plans

If the nbn is available in your region and you have Foxtel, then you should look at bundling your Foxtel subscription and with Foxtel nbn broadband. Foxtel offers a range of packages suited to your tastes. You also get the Foxtel streaming app and access to on-demand services through Foxtel nbn broadband.

What is fibre to the Premises (fttp)?

Fibre to the Premises


Fibre to the Premises is a connection that involves a home or business premises being connected to the National Broadband Network via a Fibre optic cable. The Fibre optic cable is responsible for the transfer of data through every point of the NBN network. The Fibre cable is connected to a utility box that is situated outside a given premises being connected. The utility box is then connected to a connection box that lies inside the premises. All the hardware required for this connection is supplied by the National Broadband Network and the installation of the same down by an installer who is approved by the same body.

Equipment needed for the connection

For you to get connected to the FTTP network, some technological pieces of equipment need to be installed inside and outside your residential or business premises. A utility box is to be mounted on a wall outside of your premises, source of power and a backup battery and a network termination device or a connection box. The cost of these installations is usually covered for by the National Broadband Network. However, you will need to get yourself a wireless router that you can use to share your connection with the rest of the premises. The Ethernet cable that comes with almost all router modems is the one that will connect your router to the network termination device.

The installation is quite simple. All that one has to ensure is that the network termination device is close to a power outlet for power supply. Also, it is most suitable if the network termination device is located in another room other than the bedroom or the kitchen to avoid irritation and discomfort due to the flashing lights.

Connection Speed

Fibre to the premises connection is characterized by higher download and upload speeds of up to 100Mbps and 40Mbps respectively. Another beauty of this type of connection is that it offers more consistent and stable internet connection compared to other types of network connections given that one is connected directly to the Fibre cable. With FTTP, the distance of your premises from your Fibre access node does not affect the speed of the connection. However, one can always expect to experience lower internet speeds during the peak hours when the network is congested. The rates will depend on the network provider you subscribe to and the capacity of their network.

The actual connection speed depends on the type of connection you pay. The primary download speed provided by the National Broadband Network is of up to 12Mbps followed by 25Mbps, 50Mbps, and 100Mbps. The network can, also, achieve download speeds of up to 1Gbps download speed and 400Mbps upload speed. Other high-speed plans include the 250Mbps download speed and 100Mbps upload speed, and the 500Mbps download and 200Mbps upload speed. These cost more.

The cost of Fibre to the premises

FTTP plans use the same pricing structure that the NBN for their products. The pricing structure is usually similar to all products regardless of the technology used. But please be aware there will be most likely a higher cost of installation with FTTP. You will need to check with your perspective RSP.

The difference in pricing will come if you want connections of higher speed. If you are looking for connection speeds that are faster than 100Mbps download/ 40Mbps upload, you will have to pay a higher premium especially given the fact that such rates are usually tailored for businesses. The network plans for the National Broadband Network vary from one telco to another.

The pricing depends on the data, speed tier and the over-the-top inclusions like the entertainment bundles. However, the fixed-line network prices are comparable to those of ADSL. One can always increase their internet speed if they so wish since the National Broadband Plan does not include the plans for faster speeds.

What is fibre to the node (fttn)?


Fibre to the node is a type of internet connection where fibre nodes are connected to a cabinet using existing copper lines rather than running them to individual premises directly. The node will then be used to serve the entire neighbourhood, using the same copper line that is used in facilitating broadband. While this technology seems to be similar to the well-known ADSL, it is quite different. It requires an average copper line length of 450 to get an end-user connected to the network as opposed to the 2km used for ADSL broadband. Also, this new connection employs VDSL technology and has a G.fast potential upgrade path.

Who can connect to FTTN

The National Broadband Network’s corporate plan for the year 2017 aims at connecting up to 54% of premises using this technology. This is a major upgrade from the NBN's 2016 forecast that only targeted about 38% of premises. 

If your area has access to the NBN, and you have an existing ADSL connection, they may install FTTN. The installation is relatively easy compared to other nbn technologies. You can use your own VDL modem or one provided by the broadband provider you select. 

Benefits of FTTN

One of the main advantages of FTTN is it provides Australians with exactly what they need – faster internet than they may have now. As fibre to the node uses some of the existing infrastructures, there can be some cost benefits as well.  By reusing the existing copper wire network means that the rollout may be quicker compared to some of the technologies that the national broadband network uses. 

It is estimated that the cost of connection is about 20% to 30% of the cost of getting a Fibre to the Premises connection. 

What this technology offers is a cost-effective and effective broadband connection option that, also, allows potential upgrade paths that will lead to faster internet speed than what it offers now in future.

What is fibre to the Building (fttb)?


Fibre to the building is a type of connection that is only available to people with apartment blocks or similar structures. With this connection, the main distribution frame (MDU) is located within the building where the fibre line run to. Subscribers residing or operating within the same building connect to the main distribution frame using the same copper wire that is used in facilitating adsl broadband connections.

While the use of fibre to the node is more common in connecting Australians to the nbn, FTTB is considered better as it offers faster broadband connections that are more reliable. With it, the copper wire that is required to achieve the connection is shorter since the main distribution frame is located within the building.

Target audience for FTTB-connection

NBN’s corporate plan for the year 2017 indicates that up to 54% of premises in Australia will be connected to either the FTTN or the FTTB-network. The two type of connection are almost the same and hence put in the same category. Persons residing in apartment buildings or operating from apartment premises that use an ADSL connection for internet services have a higher chance of obtaining FTTB-connections. If the premise is a new development, the size and the amount the developer is willing to pay will determine the type of technology to be used when creating the connection.

Infrastructure required to create an FTTB connection

The connection uses the copper wiring that currently exists hence you will continue using the phone line you use for your ADSL connection. You will, however, need to obtain a VDSL2 ready modem router for the connection. Old modems that do not support VDSL2 connections need to be upgraded. You can check for the compatibility of your router by locating a phone jack that is labelled VDSL at the back of your modem. Like other connection, signing up for a contract that lasts up to 24 months with your telco could include a modem router that is compatible in your plan.

Another piece of hardware is the RJ11 phone cable. This cable will be used in connecting your phone socket and your phone cable. Most of the modem routers come with this cable in their box. You will, also, need an extra power outlet for the router as it needs to be powered to function.

Connection Speed and Internet costs

As stated earlier, the length of the copper cables used to connect an end user is much shorter as compared to an FTTN connection. This method, in turn, results in higher connection speeds. A customer connected using the FTTB-technology can expect download speeds of around 100Mbps and upload speeds close to 40Mbps. The speed is dependent on the type of connection you subscribe to. A primary connection offers speeds of 12Mbps with the following packages offering 25Mbps, 50Mbps and 100Mbps in ascending order. Other factors that influence the speed of connection are the congestion within the network during the peak hours and the quality of the copper cable used. The National Broadband Network’s plans apply to this connection since the plans are the same for almost all the products NBN offers regardless of the technology used. The variation in the pricing depends on one’s telco. The speed of connection, the data that comes with the package one subscribes to, and any other inclusions one may require are what determine the actual cost of a package. But generally, all the products offered by NBN are under the same plan.

Distinction between FTTB and FTTN

The main distinction between these two types of connections is that the FTTN uses the existing copper lines to connect an individual end-user premises to the secure street cabinet while with Fibre to the building, it is not a single end-user, but a Multi-dwelling unit that is being connected. Usually, it is an apartment block or a building similar to that. Again, this technology uses the existing copper line to cover the vertical distance between the communicating room and the end user while FTTN uses existing copper line to connect the street cabinet and the premises. Also, the copper lines used for FTTN connections are owned by the National Broadband Network, which is not the case with this building connection.

What is Hybrid Fibre-Coaxial (HFC)?


Hybrid Fibre Coaxial (HFC) is an NBN technology that utilises a combination of coaxial cable and fibre to offer connection. Fibre is used as the central node just like in Fibre to the node, and the coaxial cable used in connecting the node and the premises. This type of connection is used when existing cable network or ‘pay TV’ can be used to make the connection. The National Broadband Network uses this connection for up to 27% of the Australian population. Majority of the premises that are eligible for an HFC connection are located within major cities in Australia.

Hardware infrastructure needed for the HFC connection

The National Broadband Network is the body responsible for the provision of this technology. NBN will install a connection box inside of your premises and a Utility box outside. The connection box is used to connect to your modem and supply your home with internet connection. The National Broadband Network will not cater for the cost of the modem. Therefore, you have to get your preferred modem. However, if you are looking to sign up for an internet contract that lasts for two years, your telco can provide you with a suitable modem.

Other hardware infrastructures required include two spare power outlets for the cable modem and the connection box. You may, also, need a splitter to make sure that your TV service keeps working as you also, maintain an active pay TV subscription over your Hybrid Fibre Coaxial connection.

Speed and cost of Hybrid Fibre Coaxial

The internet speeds will vary depending on the package one subscribes to, but on average, the download speed it offers are of up to 100Mbps and upload speeds of about 40Mbps. With a primary plan, you can expect speeds of up to 12Mbps for downloads. The next package offers 25Mbps then 50Mbps and the highest is 100Mbps. The internet speed will also vary depending on other factors like the capacity of your provider and the congestion in the system. The highest internet speeds are usually experienced during the off-peak hours; between 1 am and 7 am. As is expected with all products of the National Broadband Network, the pricing structure of this plan is similar to the pricing of the other products regardless of the technology in place. The pricing of the nbn plans is determined by the speed tier that a customer decides to subscribe to, the data that included in the program and additional packages such as entertainment. The beauty of National Broadband Network plans is that they offer internet speeds that are much faster and come with the option of increasing the internet speed is the subscriber wishes to do so.

What is DOCSIS 3.1

Internet users always want faster and more reliable internet for their daily use. DOCSIS 3.1 is an innovative technology that is used to boost the connection speeds of the existing HFC network. The technology works by helping in faster and more efficient transmission of data. With DOCSIS 3.1, the 100Mbps maximum internet download speed can be boosted up ten times to 1Gbps. To get an upgrade that includes this technology, subscribers to the HFC-connection are required to get a new modem.

The Hybrid Fibre Coaxial also comes with high capacity. While other factors like your provider, location, and purchasing ability, the higher capacity ensure that network congestion is reduced during the peak hours hence offering a more stable and faster connection.

What Fibre to the Curb (FTTC)?


Fibre to the curb is one of the latest products the National Broadband Network added to their Multi-Technology-Mix. It is a hybrid of fibre to the node and fibre to the premise. It works by laying the fibre cable directly to the curb of a property as opposed to taking it to a central node. An existing copper phone line is then used to make the final connection to the house from the curb. For this reason, this technology is also referred to as Fibre to the Distribution Point (FTTdp) or Fibre-to-the-Curb. Regardless of the name you use to refer to it, this connection comes with faster download speeds and makes connections cheaper.

How can get an FTTC connection?

NBN had initially targeted 700,000 premises for this connection. The number has, however, gone up to exceed the million mark. Fibre-to-the-Curb connection is targeted for areas that the use of HCF had been planned for as this technology is a replacement for Hybrid-Fibre Coaxial. It will, also, be used in the place of Fibre to the Node in some area. At the moment, most of the premises that have been connected to the National Broadband Network using the FTTC-connection lie in Victoria and New South Wales. The technology already connects thousands of buildings and premises and is to be launched by the National Broadband Network in 2018.

Equipment needed for FTTC-Broadband

You will need a Wi-Fi gateway and a National Broadband Network Connection device. The connection device remains as the property of the National Broadband Network. Its purpose is to facilitate your connection to the access network. You or your service provider will purchase the Wi-Fi gateway. You also need to ensure that your device is compatible with the broadband network before installing it. Lastly, a power outlet is required to power the network connection device and the Wi-Fi gateway.

Internet speed with FTTC connection

The initial connection can offer the average download speeds expected from other types of connections. This amounts to up to 100Mbps download speeds and 40Mbps upload speeds. However, when G.fast technology is added into the system, users will have the luxury of enjoying faster internet speeds going up to 1Gbps. G.fast is one of the new technologies that resemble DSL. It uses the existing copper wires to carry signals faster. These results are achieved by adding spectrum to the copper line hence increasing the capacity. With the standards G.fast offers, the NBN can get more mileage out of the existing old copper lines. The technology was designed for copper lines of shorter lengths not exceeding 250 meters.

What will be the cost of Fibre to the Curb?

Just like the other deployments by the National Broadband Network, the cost for the initial connection will be covered by NBN. After you are connected, you will be required to sign up with a broadband provider who will determine the pricing. The fixed-line plans are the same as all National Broadband Network’s products. The variation in the pricing will comes with the telco company you employ. Subscribers to packages that come with faster speeds, more data, and additional products usually pay more every month. Also, subscribers who are entering into a contract which does not last more than 24 months often have to pay extra setup fees to their telco of choice. There are no contract nbn plansthough.

Advantages of FTTC

The beauty of FTTC is in the elimination of expensive and complicated processes required in taking Fibre to premises. The incorporation of copper for the "last mile" to your premises will lower the costs needed for a connection. Additionally, Fibre-to-the-curb gives a clear description of where precisely the fibre line terminates people more insight into the product hence giving them a sense of what they are receiving.

What is Fixed Wireless nbn Broadband?


Fixed wireless is a connection through the NBN, or National Broadband Network using a combination of 4G radio signals and ground stations. It is used to provide rural businesses and homes with access to the internet. In the areas where it is used, ground stations must be built by the Network capable of broadcasting a 4G signal. Homes affix an outdoor antenna, and this picks up the signal to provide internet service. A line of sight is necessary for the system to work. The distance between the home and the ground station has been limited by the NBN to 14km. There are certain situations where the radius of the ground stations is less than 6km.

The Specifics

Due to the limitations regarding distance and sight, the Network will take care of the pre-installation signal testing required. This makes certain the connection is decent because the signal can be damaged by trees, steel sheds and metal objects. Approximately 720,000 businesses and households may eventually be connected through the National Broadband Network with Fixed Wireless. According to the Network, the service is being offered to Australians, not within reach of the Network. Usually in the smaller communities or just outside of the major cities in predominantly rural areas. The areas the Network expects to connect in the not too distant future are considered extremely remote.

Fixed Wireless Equipment and Installation

To be able to have a wireless broadband through the NBN, the home or business must have an outdoor antenna attached. This is installed on the roof or the eaves of the roof. The cable often requires the drilling of a little hole in the outside wall so that it can connect the cable to the building to the outdoor antenna. This serves as the connector for the National Broadband Network’s Connection Box. This then connects to a router, and finally to a 240V power outlet. The installation is facilitated by the Network with no additional charges, excluding the fees paid for the setup required according to the specifics of the plan.

Any individuals interested in wireless broadband currently renting are required to have the approval of the landlord before installing an outdoor antenna. A router compatible with the National Broadband Network will usually be included when a two-year internet contract has been signed for the chosen plan. Customers who want to connect to the Network through Wireless service will not have to worry about the disconnection of their copper network. This means continued usage of the traditional phone line is not a problem.

NBN fixed wireless speeds

According to the Network, the wireless service can upload at speeds as high as 20Mbps, with downloads up to 50Mbps, which will provide a decent speed for their customers. The Network offers a high-end tier which is expected to become available to all customers during the first part of 2018. This tier offers 40Mbps up and 100Mbps down. The theoretical maximum speeds are what determines the type of connection and the associated cost. The most basic connection available offers a speed as high as 12Mbps. The next tier reaches 25Mbps, followed by broadband speeds of 50Mbps.

The top speeds are not always achievable for numerous reasons including colour-bond roofs, metal objects, trees and steel sheds. The speed can also be affected due to the congestion occurring during peak hours.

Fixed Wireless Costs

The wireless service is not going to be available through all the providers. The prices are expected to be consistent regardless of the provider or connection. The biggest difference in pricing will be according to the specific plan and speed are chosen by the customer.

The Difference Between Wireless and Satellite

The biggest difference between the two services is satellite uses actual satellites to provide internet. This has the potential capability of connecting buildings thousands of kilometres away from one another. Line of sight antennas and transmission towers are used by the wireless service. This means there is a 14km maximum radius to provide internet service. The speeds of wireless are additionally faster than with a satellite.

What is Sky Muster Satellite?


It is one of NBN's broadband connections that is used to connect the rural and remote area of Australia. Usually, a satellite broadband dish is installed in a given premises and used to receive network signals from National Broadband Network from a Sky-Muster satellite. Additionally, connection requires the use of a National Broadband Network device that is to be installed in home or premises. The device powered electronically, and only a certified installer who is approved by the National Broadband Network can handle the installation of the same.

NBN’s Sky Muster Satellite Service

The Sky-Muster satellite service by NBN is composed of two satellites to connect people residing in the rural and remote parts of Australia. There are ten ground stations spread out across the country that serve the purpose of beaming up the internet to these satellites. The satellites, in turn, beam the network down to the installed dishes in the various residential and business premises hence providing residents and businesses in the remote parts of Australia with a reliable internet connection.

This Satellite broadband connection is specifically meant to connect 3% of the Australian population that resides in the remote and rural areas and with limited or no internet connectivity.

Equipment needed for Sky Muster satellite connection and time for connection

To get connected, you need a satellite dish, cables, and a satellite modem. The satellite broadband dish will be mounted to the side or on top of premises that is to be connected. If you are to move to another location or other premises, you can have your equipment removed. The cables are used to connect the satellite dish that received the network from the ground stations to the satellite modem that is located inside the premises. That is all you need to get connected to the network.

The time it takes for installation to be done vary depending on one’s location. NBN usually aims to get customers connected to the network within 20 business days at most. If you reside in a more isolated area with a deficient population, you can expect the installation to take about 35 business days to be complete. People living in the regions that are only accessible via water or air have to wait for even more extended periods. Usually, it can take up to 90 business days for them to be serviced completely.

The cost of Sky Muster Satellite

Unlike most the other National Broadband Network products, the pricing of this product varies depending on the type of technology used. The starting point for the price is lower than that of Fixed Line or Fixed Wireless National Broadband Network but comes with lower download limits. The monthly download allowances are, also, split into peak and off-peak hours, with the two categories of time during the day being charged differently.

People connected to this network can, however, expect improved service after the National Broadband Network announced larger data allowances. The upgrade means that depending on your plan download allowance have been increased.

Connection Speed

Once you get connected, you can look forward to getting upload speeds of about 5Mbps and download speed of around 25Mbps. The speed varies depending on the type of connection you are subscribed. Lower speeds usually characterize peak hours due to congestion on the network. It means if you desire to achieve the top rates, the best time to use the internet is during the off-peak hours, usually between 1 am, and 7 am.

However, owing to that fact that the signal has to travel quite a long distance to get to your satellite dish, one can expect higher latency. It means that some online activities may suffer from a slight bit of lag. But compared to what many regional areas have now, this is a huge step up in quality.